The rivers I can make retire
Into the fountains whence they flow
Whereat the banks themselves admire
I make standing waters go
With charms I drive both sea and cloud
I make it calm and blow aloud
The vipers’ jaws, each rock and stone
With words and charms I avow
The force of the earth conjoined in one
I move and shake both woods and plain
I make the souls of men arise
Whilst I pull the moon out of the skies
'The Charge of Hecate' adapted from 'Metamorphoses' by Ovid
~This a list that my friend copied from a book. I’m not sure which book though. And then I copied it into my bos. So what I am posting here is all the author’s words. And I’m sure there are more traditions than what’s on this list, but this is what my friend gave me. And yes, I realize some of the wording doesn’t make too much sense. It’s probably because it’s been copied a few times by different people (The original author, my friend, then me). But I’ll try to make it make sense as best as I can. <3
- Alexandrian Tradition: Founded in England in the 1960’s, Alex Sanders referred to himself as the “king of his witches”. The rituals are said to be modified Gardnerian.
- British Traditional Witch: A mix of Celtic and Gardnerian beliefs. Most famous organization at this time is the International Red Garters. British Traditionals move mostly from within the Farrer studies (The famous witch husband and wife from England). They, too, are fairly structured in their beliefs, and train through the degree process. Their covens are also coed.
- Celtic Wicca: The use of a Celtic/Druidic pantheon mixed with a little ritual Gardnerian, and heavily stressing the elements, nature, and the Ancient Ones (our ancestors; the ones who started the idea of witchcraft). They have a vast knowledge of, and respect for, the healing and magickal qualities of plants, stones, flowers, trees, elemental spirits, The Little People (Fae), gnomes, and fairies.
- Caledonii Tradition: Formally known as the Hecate Tradition, this denomination of the Craft is Scottish in origin, and still preserves the unique festivals of the Scots.
- Ceremonial Witchcraft: Followers of this tradition use a great deal of ceremonial magick in their practices. Detailed rituals with flavor of Egyptian magick are sometimes a favorite, or they may use Qabalistic magick. (Qabalistic: Having a secret or hidden meaning).
- Dianic Tradition: First pinpointed by Margaret Murray in 1921. The witchcraft of Western Europe, this term appears to include a mixtire of various traditions. Their prime focus in recent years however, is on the Goddess, and has been pegged as the “foremost” moxie-part (“know-how”) of the Craft.
- Eclectic Witch: A witch who doesn’t follow any particular tradition, religious practices, or magickal practice. They learn and study from many magickal systems and apply to themselves what appears to work best.
- Gardenia Tradition: Organized by Gerald Gardner in England in the 1950’s. (Known as the “Father of Wicca”). He was one of the few people who determined that the religion must not die and he took the risk of publicizing it through the media. Under all the hype, I truly believe he understood the young needed the Craft as much as the Craft needed the new generation to survive.
- Hereditary Witch: One who can trace the Craft through their family tree and who has been taught the Old Religion (witchcraft) by a relative who was living at the same time. How far one has to go back on the family tree to meet the condition of the first part of this definition is debatable.
- Kitchen Witch: (I have a more descriptive post on this a few posts down). You will hear this term every once in a while. Basically, this type of witch is one who practices by hearth and home, dealing with the practical side of religion, magick, the earth, and the elements. There are some who groan loudly at this type of terminology, viewing it as degrading or inappropriate. Just remember that the Old Religion started somewhere, and most likely the kitchen (or cook-fire) was the hob of many charms, spells, healings, and celebrations. After all, where does everyone congregate during the holidays? Grandma’s kitchen has always produced magical memories for humanity; vision of mother making that something special for a sick child still holds true today for many of us.
- Pictish Witchcraft: Scottish witchcraft that attunes itself to all aspects of nature; animals, vegetables, and minerals. It is a solitary form of the Craft and mainly magickal in nature with little religion.
- Pow-Wow: Indigenous to South-central Pennsylvania, this is a system, not a religion, based on four hundred year old Elite German magick. Pow-Wow has deteriorated to a great degree into simple faith healing. Although Pow-Wow forms its roots in German witchcraft, few practicing Pow-Wows today in Pennsylvania follow the Craft, or even know the nature of its true birth.
- Seax-Wicca: An Anglo-Saxon influenced branch of Wicca founded by Raymond Buckland in 1973. Although of Saxon basis, it was authored by Raymond himself without breaking historical Gardnerian oath. Buckland’s contribution to the Craft is a significant one. Not only did he develop a tradition that is more acceptable to many individuals, he also has written a large volume of textbooks on different magickal aspects and practices of the Craft, thereby positively enhancing many lives.
- Solitary Witch: One who practices alone, regardless of tradition, denomination, or sects. Solitaires come in various forms. Some were at one time initiated into a coven and eventually chose to extricate themselves from that environment, and continue practicing a particular tradition or sect by themselves. A solitary can also be an individual who has no desire to practice with, or learn from, a coven structure, but still may adhere to a specific tradition or sect through the teachings of another. And finally, a solitary witch can be a person who has decided to tough it out on their own, learning from books, networks, and different traditions. Another term for a solitary witch is “Natural Witch”.
- Strega Witch: Strega witches follow a tradition set in Italy that began around 1353 with a woman called Aradia (Interesting that I just posted about Aradia, the “Queen of witches”, and now I post about Strega Witches…I need to research this more. This is interesting lol). Of all the traditional witches, this group appears to be the smallest in number in the United States. However, their teachings are beautiful and should not be missed. (Yup, I definitely need to research this. The author apparently doesn’t say anything about them..).
- Teutonic Witch: From ancient times, Teutons have been recognized as a group of people who speak the Germanic group of languages. Culturally, the Teutons included the English, Dutch, Iceland, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish peoples. This is also know as the Nordic Tradition.
- Wiccan Witch: (I have posted a lot about Wiccans many times before, and I’m sure I will post more about them in the future). Neither definition is better than the other. You must choose for yourself. (It’s pretty much witchcraft mixed with a structured religion. Wiccans can follow any of these traditions, as long as they bide by the Wiccan Rede and Laws, and worship some form of a pantheon, god(s), or goddess(es)).
~Well there you go; a list of some Witchcraft Traditions around the world. It seems that the author didn’t include much for some of these traditions, but the Strega Witch one caught my eye. Especially since I just heard about Aradia today, and then I look in my bos, and there she is again! I need to research this more. I will post my findings!
~As for me though, I think I would be an Eclectic Solitary witch. I learned from a Wiccan, I bide by some of their rules, and I also use some Celtic and Kitchen Witchcraft in my magickal practices. But I work alone. I worked with one friend, but she moved. So I guess that makes me alone now lol. (Unless you want to count the fact that we still talk about our magickal lives, how I’m in a group on Facebook about witchcraft, and how me and my bf teach each other what we know often. But all my magickal practices, spells, and rituals, I do by myself).
~Anyway, what would you guys classify yourselves as, if anything at all?